Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Take a Break: Make Table Top S’Mores

Before summer completely disappears, try making S’mores using a terra cotta pot. At this point, you can probably pick one up for sale anyplace that sells garden supplies. Make sure it’s unglazed.

It’s very simple:
Option one: Put a can of Sterno in the unglazed pot. Should sit safely on the bottom with at least 1-2 inches of clearance at the top

Option two: Line the inside of the unglazed pot with heavy duty aluminum foil and put in a few pieces of charcoal. Let it burn down a bit before starting to roast your marshmallows.

Other options for table top cookers-
• Tin bucket with small stones-pour rocks in the bottom of the bucket and then put them around the sterno. Make sure the sterno sits level with the rocks keeping it in place.
• Planter box with small stones-The stones are places around the Sterno cans for both stability and so it doesn’t touch the sides making the planter hot.

Beyond Graham Crackers and Chocolate-some interesting ideas for S’Mores:
• Key lime curd (can use pie filling) + marshmallow +graham cracker
• Lemon curd or other pie filling + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Ghirardelli squares + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Bacon + chocolate + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Nutella + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Peanut Butter (or other nut butters) + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Dark chocolate + banana slices + strawberry + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Peanut Butter Cup + banana slices + bacon + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Mint chocolate Square + marshmallow + chocolate graham cracker
• Dulce de leche + marshmallow + cinnamon graham cracker
• Carmel sauce + marshmallow + sea salt + cinnamon graham cracker
• Chocolate covered potato chip + marshmallow + graham cracker
• Mini candy bars (Snickers, Milky Way, Kit Kat, etc.) + marshmallow + graham cracker

Try various combinations using waffle cookies in place of the graham crackers. Tate cookies would also be a good replacement since they are very flat. Another option is Oreo or another sandwich cookie. Take them apart and place a square of chocolate, add the marshmallow and then the top. Sounds over the top sweet, but for Oreo fans it’s a hit.

For those who are gluten free, use Rice Krispy Treats in place of the graham crackers.

Saturday, August 17, 2019

Journal Watch August 2019

Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood: Online symptom self-management plus clinician telecare can be effective for individuals with pain, depression, and anxiety, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Filgotinib Bests Placebo in Tx of Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis: Among patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) resistant to previous therapy with biologic agents, a significantly higher clinical response rate was seen at 12 weeks for those receiving filgotinib versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Sleep Disorders Up Health Care Visits, Costs for Low Back Pain: The presence of a sleep disorder diagnosis has a significant effect on low back pain (LBP)-related health care visits and costs, independent of pain intensity and disability, according to a study published online July 5 in Spine.

Adults who mix cannabis with opioids for pain report higher anxiety, depression: Adults who take prescription opioids for severe pain are more likely to have increased anxiety, depression and substance abuse issues if they also use marijuana. Journal of Addiction Medicine

Conservative treatment with a sling can replace surgery for shoulder fractures: There is nothing to be gained by operating on a patient with a so-called displaced fracture of the shoulder. Three weeks with the arm in a sling so that the shoulder is kept inactive yields the same results. PLOS Medicine

1-2 caffeinated drinks not linked with higher risk of migraines; 3+ may triggerthem: In a study published in the American Journal of Medicine researchers found that, among patients who experience episodic migraine, one to two servings of caffeinated beverages were not associated with headaches on that day, but three or more servings of caffeinated beverages may be associated with higher odds of migraine headache occurrence on that day or the following day.

Evidence Supports Meds Used for Pain Relief in Pediatric Migraine: Evidence-based therapies are available for the acute symptomatic treatment of migraine in children and adolescents, but evidence is lacking for the impact of many treatments for migraine prevention, according to two updated guidelines published online Aug. 14 in Neurology.

NSAIDs Contribute to Increased CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis (OA) is an independent risk factor for increased cardiovascular disease (CVD), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) contribute substantially to this risk, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

Saw Palmetto: Although several small studies have suggested modest benefit of saw palmetto for treating symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), a large study evaluating high doses of saw palmetto and a Cochrane review found that saw palmetto was not more effective than placebo for treatment of urinary symptoms related to BPH. A single randomized controlled trial showed combination therapy of saw palmetto plus lycopene, selenium, and tamsulosin was more effective than single therapies alone.
NCCIH Clinical Digest

Adults with mild cognitive impairment can learn and benefit from mindfulness meditation: A pilot study shows promising evidence that adults with MCI can learn to practice mindfulness meditation, and by doing so may boost their cognitive reserve. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

Pediatric Cannabis Exposure Up after Medical Legalization: Following medical marijuana legalization (MML) in Massachusetts in 2012, there was an increase in pediatric cannabis exposure calls of 140% according to a study published online Aug. 16 in JAMA Network Open.

A Fatty Meal Might Affect How You Absorb CBD: A new study suggests that fatty foods might boost the body's absorption of cannabidiol (CBD). There were no differences in mental functioning when the patients took CBD after eating or fasting, according to the study in the August issue of the journal Epilepsia.


• Approved Turalio (pexidartinib) capsules to treat adults with symptomatic tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT)
• Streamlined four tests for marketing with new indications to diagnose Lyme disease using a modified approach with only enzyme immunoassay (EIA) technology-based tests
• Approved the first noninjection glucagon therapy for emergency treatment of severe hypoglycemia
• Approved for the first generic versions of Lyrica (pregabalin) to manage neuropathic pain from diabetic peripheral neuropathy or spinal cord injury, postherpetic neuralgia, and fibromyalgia
• Sent a warning letter has been issued to Massachusetts-based Curaleaf Inc. for illegally selling unapproved cannabidiol (CBD) products online with unproven claims that the products treat cancer, Alzheimer disease, opioid withdrawal, pain, and other health problems
• Approved Pretomanid for drug resistant TB
• Warned about Miracle Mineral Solution, which is sold online as a medical treatment, and can cause serious and potentially life-threatening health problems and should not be bought or used by consumers.
• Approved transcatheter Heart valves for use in low risk patients
• Approved tether device to correct idiopathic scoliosis as an alternative to fusion surgery when patient does not respond to bracing
• Proposes graphic warning labels on cigarettes
• Recalled RELPAX® (eletriptan hydrobromide) 40 mg tablets, lots AR5407 and CD4565, because continued use -treats acute migraines in adults- could lead to serious, life-threatening infections

Flu vaccine reduces risk of early death for elderly intensive care patients: An influenza vaccine does not just work when it comes to influenza. A new study shows that elderly people who have been admitted to an intensive care units have less risk of dying and of suffering a blood clot or bleeding in the brain if they have been vaccinated. And this is despite the fact that they are typically older, have more chronic diseases and take more medicine then those who have not been vaccinated. Intensive Care Medicine


Socially active 60-year-olds face lower dementia risk: Being more socially active in your 50s and 60s predicts a lower risk of developing dementia later on, finds a new UCL-led study. PLOS Medicine

7 'simple' steps for heart health may also stave off dementia: New research suggests that "Life's Simple 7" steps for maintaining heart health may also be a useful tool for predicting dementia risk and preventing the neurological condition. Life Simple 7 are manage blood pressure and cholesterol, lower blood sugar, stay physically active, follow a healthful diet, lose weight and don’t smoke. The BMJ

'Tickle' therapy could help slow aging, research suggests: 'Tickling' the ear with a small electrical current appears to rebalance the autonomic nervous system for over-55s, potentially slowing down one of the effects of ageing, according to new research. Scientists found that a short daily therapy delivered for two weeks led to both physiological and wellbeing improvements, including a better quality of life, mood and sleep. The therapy, called transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation, delivers a small, painless electrical current to the ear, which sends signals to the body's nervous system through the vagus nerve. This could help protect people from chronic diseases which we become more prone to as we get older, such as high blood pressure, heart disease and atrial fibrillation. The researchers, who published their findings today in the journal Aging, suggest that the 'tickle' therapy has the potential to help people age more healthily, by recalibrating the body's internal control system.

Poor fit between job demands, reasoning abilities associated with health conditions: Older workers whose reasoning abilities no longer allow them to meet the demands of their jobs may be more likely to develop chronic health conditions and retire early, which may not be ideal for the employee or employer, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Study reveals 6 top exercises for offsetting 'obesity genes': New research examines the effect of 18 different kinds of exercise on people with a high genetic risk of developing obesity. The findings identify six exercises that can offset the genetic effects on five measures of obesity. While jogging ranked the best, mountain climbing, walking, exercise walking, dancing and a longer practice of yoga also reduced the genetic effects on obesity.

ACIP Recommends Catch-Up HPV Vaccines Through Age 26: Catch-up human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations are recommended for all persons through age 26 years and should be considered for some persons aged 27 to 45 years, according to research published in the Aug. 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Vaccination Does Not Up Risk for Developing Multiple Sclerosis: Evidence shows that vaccination is not associated with an increased risk for being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) within the next five years, according to a study published online July 30 in Neurology. Odds of MS were lower in participants with vaccination, especially for influenza and tick-borne illness.

Recent Stressful Life Events Linked to Later Verbal Memory Decline: Middle-aged women, but not men, with a greater number of recent stressful life events have memory decline later in life, according to a study published in the July issue of the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Severe Lung Injury After Vaping Reported: Four cases of severe lung injury possibly linked with vaping in Minnesota are similar to dozens of cases in Wisconsin and Illinois. The patients had symptoms such as shortness of breath, fever, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness and chest pain, and some were hospitalized for "multiple weeks, with some patients being admitted to the intensive care unit," according to a Minnesota Department of Health statement, CNN reported.


Vitamin D supplementation may slow diabetes progression: Vitamin D supplementation may slow the progression of type 2 diabetes in newly diagnosed patients and those with prediabetes, according to a study published in the European Journal of Endocrinology. The study findings suggest that high-dose supplementation of vitamin D can improve glucose metabolism to help prevent the development and progression of diabetes.


Dangerous Sesame Allergy Affects Many Americans: More than 1.5 million children and adults in the United States have sesame allergy -- more than previously believed, a new study finds. And even though sesame allergy can cause severe reactions, sesame is often not declared on food product labels, the Northwestern University researchers said.


Plant-Based Diets May Lower CV Disease, Deaths in Middle-Aged: Diets higher in plant-based foods and lower in animal-based foods are associated with lower risks for developing or dying from cardiovascular disease among middle-aged adults, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Reduced carbohydrate intake improves type 2 diabetics' ability to regulate blood sugar: Patients with type 2 diabetes improve their ability to regulate blood sugar levels if they eat food with a reduced carbohydrate content and an increased share of protein and fat. This is shown by a recent study conducted at Bispebjerg Hospital in collaboration with, among other partners, Aarhus University and the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at the University of Copenhagen. The findings are contrary to the conventional dietary recommendations for type 2 diabetics. "The study shows that by reducing the share of carbohydrates in the diet and increasing the share of protein and fat, you can both treat high blood sugar and reduce liver fat content. Further intensive research is needed in order to optimise our dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes," says Thure Krarup, stressing that the findings should be confirmed in large-scale, long-term controlled trials.

Mankai duckweed plant found to offer health benefits: In this new study, the researchers compared Mankai shake consumption to a yogurt shake equivalent in carbohydrates, protein, lipids, and calories. Following two weeks of monitoring with glucose sensors, participants who drank the duckweed shake showed a much better response in a variety of measurements including lower glucose peak levels; morning fasting glucose levels; later peak time; and faster glucose evacuation. The participants also felt more full. Diabetes Care

Replacing Beef with Chicken couldreduce breast cancer risk: Researchers, using data from more than 40,000 women, conclude that eating red meat is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but consuming poultry appears to link to a lower risk. women who ate the most red meat had a 23% higher risk of developing breast cancer than those who ate the least red meat.

Robotic neck brace dramatically improves functions of ALS patients: A novel neck brace, which supports the neck during its natural motion, was designed by Columbia engineers. This is the first device shown to dramatically assist patients suffering from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in holding their heads and actively supporting them during range of motion. This advance would result in improved quality of life for patients, not only in improving eye contact during conversation, but also in facilitating the use of eyes as a joystick to control movements on a computer, much as scientist Stephen Hawkins famously did. 

Osteoporosis drugs linked to reduced risk of premature death: Two studies led by the Garvan Institute of Medical Research have revealed that nitrogen-bisphosphonates, drugs commonly prescribed for osteoporosis, reduced the risk of premature mortality by 34% in a cohort of over 6,000 individuals. This reduction in early mortality risk was significantly associated with a reduction in bone loss compared with no treatment.

Study proves hepatitis C drugs reduce liver-related deaths by nearly half: A new study from the UT Southwestern Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center demonstrates that antiviral drugs for hepatitis C reduce liver-related deaths by nearly 50% in patients with a history of liver cancer. The finding builds on a December 2018 study by the same researchers who found that antiviral drugs do not increase the risk of liver cancer recurrence, as was previously feared. Gastroenterology

Anti arrhythmic Drugs May Up Fall Injuries in Older A-Fib Patients: Use of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) is associated with a higher risk for fall-related injuries and syncope among older patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Major Surgery Linked to Lasting Change in Cognitive Trajectory: Major surgery is associated with a small, long-term change in the average cognitive trajectory, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in The BMJ.

Recommendations Developed for Management of Lyme Disease: The Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American Academy of Neurology, and the American College of Rheumatology have released a draft of their joint clinical practice guidelines for the management of Lyme disease. The authors note that for prevention of tick bites and tick-borne infections, wearing protective clothing, checking for ticks, bathing after outdoor activities, drying clothing, and limiting pet exposure are recommended. Repellents to prevent tick bites include permethrin-treated clothing; attached ticks should be removed promptly. Following a tick bite, testing for Borrelia burgdorferi is not recommended in an Ixodes tick, and asymptomatic patients should not be tested for exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi following an Ixodes tick bite. Prophylactic antibiotic treatment should be given to adults and children within 72 hours of removal of an identified high-risk tick. A single dose of oral doxycycline is recommended within 72 hours of tick removal during observation for high-risk Ixodes bites. Erythema migrans skin lesions are the most common clinical manifestation of Lyme disease. Clinical diagnosis is recommended over laboratory testing for patients with lesions compatible with erythema migrans. The public comment period for these draft guidelines has been extended for an additional 30 days, and the deadline for comment is Sept. 9, 2019.

Diabetes over treatment seriously endangers health: People with diabetes, particularly those with type 1 diabetes, may have an increased risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) if they receive too much glucose lowering therapy. New research now warns that many people with diabetes face that risk. Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Trouble Driving at Night? Yellow Lenses Won't Help: Night-driving" glasses that promise to dim the glare of headlights may not work as advertised, a new study finds. The glasses, featuring yellow-tinted lenses, have been marketed for years as a way to ward off blinding headlights and make night driving easier. The problem: There's no scientific evidence they work. Now a new study, published online Aug. 1 in JAMA Ophthalmology, offers a buyer-beware message. In driving simulation tests, researchers found that yellow lenses did not improve people's performance over clear lenses -- including when they were faced with oncoming headlights.

Brand-Brand Competition Has Not Cut Prices in Pharma Market: Brand-brand competition in the U.S. pharmaceutical market has not lowered drug list prices, according to a review published online July 30 in PLOS Medicine. 

New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees' Health Plans: Tighter rules on opioid painkiller prescriptions for U.S. government employees will be implemented in the fall, the Trump Administration says. The new Federal Employee Health Benefits Program rules are meant to prevent over prescribing of the potentially addictive drugs to patients who might require them for only a short period of time, the Associated Press reported. Patients with intractable pain from cancer and other conditions will still be able to get opioid painkillers.AP 

Do electronic devices affect our ability to grasp complex ideas? In today's world, it seems pretty much everyone uses smartphones and tablets on a daily basis. But our brains may not thank us for it, according to new research showing that overuse of electronic devices correlates with a poorer understanding of complex, scientific texts. Scientific Reports

Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Take a Break: Honor International Homeless Animals’ Day

 August 17th is International Homeless Animals’ Day.  The ISAR (International Society for Animal Rights) consider doing something special for not only the animals in your life but also for those that may be at area shelters

While your pet may like a special treat, an extra walk or longer play time with you, consider some of the following ways you can help your local animal shelter:
• Donate pet supplies such as gently used towels, water, food, bowls, cleaning supplies, leashes, collars, grooming supplies, kitty litter, animal beds and pet toys. It’s always good to check your local shelter’s website to see if they have a “wish list.” Make sure all items are in good condition and clean.

• Consider being a foster parent: You can bring a pet to your home for a few days or longer. Shelters will generally cover the cost of the supplies you’ll need.

• Volunteer to take dogs for a walk, or spend time socializing with the animals. Larger shelters may need help in getting animals to the vets office or foster homes. Big cities and islands have the most need for this type of service. Also, there are many times that supplies are needed and it’s helpful to have a volunteer who can go do that

• If you engage in social media, forward notices from your local shelter via tweets, Facebook, Instagram etc.

• Do you have a talent that could be of benefit to your local shelter? Things that are needed include help with a fundraiser, designing a logo, taking photographs, building repairs, assist with administrative tasks such as book keeping. Check with your local shelter to see what type of help they need.

Not interested in today’s activity, go to the Take a Break Pinterest and pick out something else.

Saturday, August 10, 2019

What You Can Do to Help Stop Violence

After the Boston Marathon bombings in 2013, I wrote a post Reducing Violence/Reducing Chronic Disease: The Solution is the Same . If you haven’t read it, the post outlines the link between chronic conditions and violence.

This week, following the mass shootings in California, El Paso and Dayton, as well as the stabbing deaths in Southern California, I thought it useful to revisit the issue of violence from a slightly different slant.
While considerable emphasis is placed on gun control, it’s important to recognize that weapons are only one part of the story. Attitudes, emotions, and reactions are just as important. Without working on all aspects of the issue, only limited progress will be made.  This is particularly concerning when the data for sexual and domestic violence, as well as work place violence, far outstrips the mass violence that grabs the headlines.

• Two million Americans report suffering from workplace violence every year, making it the second leading cause of work-site deaths in the country, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Many incidences go unreported. People in the caring professions (e.g. nurses, home health aides, social workers, hospital employees) and those who handle cash experience a much greater proportion of these incidents.

• One in five women and one in 71 men will be raped at some point in their lives. 91% of the victims of rape and sexual assault are female, and 9% are male. National Sexual Violence Resource Center

• Women with disabilities have a 40% greater risk of intimate partner violence, especially severe violence, than women without disabilities

• Most cases of domestic violence are never reported to police. Men who are victimized are substantially less likely than women to file a report.

• On average, 24 people per minute are victims of rape, physical violence or stalking by an intimate partner in the United States — more than 12 million women and men over the course of a year. National Domestic Violence Hotline

What you can do to stop violence in their homes, workplace and communities.
Stop the Hate: By expressing tolerance and acceptance you send a positive message. Slurs and negative comments harm so be conscious of what you say and to whom. Learn more at Ten Ways to Fight Hate: A community Response Guide

Role model & Take Responsibility for your  behavior: Actions speak louder than words. Those around you, including children, see how you handle things. They watch how you deal with others and observe your reaction to challenging situations. Whether we are aware of it or not, we are role models for one another. If you preach respect and tolerance but then make comments about people in the news, neighbors etc. you send a very mixed message. None of us are saints, so if you screw up, own it and make amends.

Know the signs of Violence: Whether it’s in the workplace, home, a relationship or some other venue, people who exhibit these behaviors are or have the potential to be violent.
-       Jealous, controlling, hypersensitive or explosive mood, blames others for their feelings, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (rapidly switching between being explosive and being nice)
-       Isolates you from friends, family and resources
-       Threats, insults, breaking objects
-       Bullying
-       Violence or use of force during sex
-       Cruel to kids or pets, past history of abuse
-       Unrealistic expectations
-       Verbally abusive
-       Rigid sex roles
-       Physically forceful during an argument
Studies show the perpetrators of mass violence are often suicidal and more than half will talk about their plans for a violent act.

Don’t ignore it: Call 911 if you feel that you or someone else is in imminent danger.
• If this happens at work, report it immediately to your supervisor. You can help prevent workplace violence by attending personal safety training programs that teach you to prevent and diffuse violent situations. Talk with your employer about implementing zero-tolerance policies on workplace violence and, if not in place, work with your employer on a workplace violence prevention program. For more information: Workplace Violence 

• If this is a domestic violence situation, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline 1−800−799−7233 or TTY 1−800−787−3224 or use their secure website. They can help you outline a safety plan, help you assist someone who is in an unsafe situation, legal assistance, help for survivors and much more. This is free and confidential and available 24/7. Another Resource is the National Network to End Domestic Violence  If you are in danger, please use a safer computer, or call 911, a local hotline, or the U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233 and TTY 1-800-787-3224. Libraries are good places to use a computer that can’t be traced.

• If this is sexual assault contact the National Sexual Assault Telephone Hotline-800-656-4673 or use their website. This is free and confidential and available 24/7.

If you know someone who is discussing violence to themselves or others, get them help immediately. Unfortunately, many active shooters have been reported to authorities prior to their shooting. Because information is often not passed on, it’s important that you consider contacting multiple sources-state police, local police, FBI, social worker, school counselor etc and ask for a behavioral risk assessment.

People are accountable for their behavior. Don’t make excuses for them or blame yourself for their behavior.

Be part of a group that works at ending violence in your community. Learn more at the following:

Be a mentor. Attachments to others is key. Being a mentor to a child can make all the difference. See that your own children are surrounded by supportive and good role models.

If you are a gun owner, be a leader in responsible gun ownership and practice Firearm Safety at all times.

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

2019 Take a Break: August Holiday Gifts to Start Now: Candles

The first Wednesday in August is our annual “gifts to start now for holiday giving.” At the end of this post are links to previous holiday gifts to start now.

Capture the warmth of the summer sun by making candles, which place a part in many of the Winter Solstice traditions.

Candle basics: You’ll need a dedicated double boiler or can make one by using a clean tin can and an old pot. The wax is put into the tin can and placed in a pot of water. Note that water should be at such a level that when it boils, about an inch in the bottom, so it wont bubble into the melting wax. Keep the tin as centered as much as possible.

You can repurpose candles or buy wax at your local craft store or even hardware store. Beeswax and soy however are sold at craft stores or on line. While you can purchase wicks, you can make your own using cotton string.

It’s worth noting that lard, Crisco and tallow can all be manufactured into candles. Yes, the various kids science experiments show that Crisco can candles can burn for up to 66 hours. Tallow as well as lard have been used for centuries to make candles. Living in a farming community, people still make candles by melting the “fat” down. Coconut oil can also be used, but it’s best to mix with another wax since it melts easily when temps go up.

While many videos and on-line resources add scents, because of allergies and smell sensitivities I don’t recommend them. When it comes to color, old broken crayons work just fine. Just remember to peel off the wrapper.

Finally, there are many many options you can choose for candle holders-glass jars, tea cups and mugs (sprinkle some nutmeg or cinnamon while it cools for a unique look), milk cartons and even sand. August is the perfect time to check out local thrift stores and yard sales to see what can be re purposed to hold a candle

No Wax Candle using Crisco: So the fascinating thing about Crisco is that it’s made from soy and palm oil. You can make this candle in the microwave. If you want to make your own wick, just dip cotton string and tie it off with a tiny metal nut. 

Make Sand Candles 

DIY All Natural & Non Toxic Candles 

Previous Years  August Holiday Gifts to Start Now

• 2016 Bowls